Mauritius, officially referred to as The Republic of Mauritius, is an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon. Mauritius became an independent state on March 12, 1968 after being under British rule. Eventually, Mauritius adopted a new constitution and became a republic within the Commonwealth in 1992.
The people of Mauritius are multi-ethnic, multi-religious, and multi-cultural. Mauritians speak multiple languages, including Mauritian Creole, Bhojpuri, English, French and Asian languages such as Telugu, Hindi, Tamil and Marathi. Freedom of religion is an important concept and prejudice is not taken lightly. Languages from India and China are most often used
The government is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system. Mauritius ranked highly for democracy and for economic and political freedom. The island of Mauritius is known for its extensive and varied flora and fauna with a large number of species only present on the island. Certain areas are safe for swimming and snorkeling, but others are not due to pollution or dangerous tides. Mauritius has some very luxurious hotels and shops, however visitors must be wary of pickpockets in the shopping districts. There is an active nightlife in Mauritius, including many festivals. Cuisine of Mauritius is a blend of Creole, Chinese, European and Indian influences.